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Vinyl | How It's Made

Vinyl or LVT (luxury vinyl tile) is a cost-effective way to give your room a quick and easy makeover. It is low maintenance, water resistant, scratch resistant and easy to install. There are a variety of different colors, patterns and styles, including incredibly realistic wood-look Vinyl planks. Below are three steps utilized in producing Vinyl Flooring.

Step 1: Solid Vinyl

  • Liquid plastic is spread into a thin layer
  • Vinyl sheets are produced and cut into squares or planks.
  • Solid Vinyl tile stops here
    • While long-wearing, this type of vinyl flooring is limited in colors and patterns

Step 2: Decorative Layer

  • A thin decorative layer of vinyl is bonded to the top of the solid vinyl
  • Rotogravure Printing
    • Photoengraved plates reproduce realistic images to create the look of tile, brick, masonry textures or wood flooring
  • Some vinyl floors utilize embossing techniques to add realistic texture to the surface

Step 3: Wear Layer

  • The decorative layer is coated with a clear layer of poly vinyl chloride (PVC) called a Wear Layer
  • Without a protective Wear Layer, Vinyl flooring would dull over time through normal abrasion
  • The Wear Layer protects and maintains the design: without a protective Wear Layer, Vinyl flooring would dull over time through normal abrasion
  • Premium vinyl flooring often has a thick Wear Layer
  • To add visual depth, sometimes color is added to the Wear Layer